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The Green Life: Eco-Vocabulary Quiz: Wildlife Conservation

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September 27, 2012

Eco-Vocabulary Quiz: Wildlife Conservation

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When it comes to ecological issues, do you know your windmills from your oil spills? How about your PCB's from your POP's? Take our eco-vocabulary quiz and find out if you're an environmental maven!

Test Your Eco-Vocabulary: Wildlife Conservation

1) CITES

2) Endemic

3) Extirpated

4) Wildlife Corridor

5) Umbrella Species

Definitions: 

1) CITES: Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. This international agreement controls and limits the international buying and selling of endangered plants and animals, whether alive or dead. It lists species in three Appendices, with Appendix I being the most threatened and with the most regulations on trade, and with Appendix III being the least.

2) Endemic: Only found in one place on earth. Animals and plants that are endemic to a place are not naturally found anywhere else. For example, the nene goose is endemic to Hawaii, and the vermilion darter is endemic to Alabama.

3) Extirpated: Gone from part of its range. Even if a species is not completely extinct, it can still be extirpated from an area where it had previously lived. For example, the grizzly bear is extirpated from California, and the cougar is extirpated from New York.

4) Wildlife Corridor: A stretch of habitat that connects national parks and wildlife reserves to each other, continuously, like beads on a string. Wildlife corridors are vital to making sure that animal populations do not become inbred, and to ensuring that wildlife can migrate to new habitats in a changing climate.

5) Umbrella Species: A species that occupies a rare habitat that, if protected, will also save many other species. Some conservation organizations will raise money to save umbrella species, when they really are aiming to save its entire ecosystem. When the umbrella species is charismatic and popular, like a tiger, an elephant, or a polar bear, it's also called a "flagship species."

 --Image by iStockphoto/ponsuwan

Read More:

PHOTO GALLERY: Endangered Species

Wildlife Corridors in the Rockies

5 Wild Places that Need Protection

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